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Ought to the 2017 GDP progress price of 0.8% induce optimism?



By Henry Boyo

THE Nationwide Bureau of Statistics (NBS), reported in March this yr, that Nigeria’s annual Gross Home output had grown by 0.82% by December 2017; this marginal progress price has nonetheless, been recommended usually, as a welcome reversal from the detrimental -1.58% contraction recorded in home output by December 2016.

Notably, nonetheless, the associated euphoria from the marginal annual progress price, might be misplaced on thousands and thousands of our countrymen, who nonetheless endure extreme financial and social deprivations, with none hope of respite.

Consequently, the related query, subsequently, is whether or not the collective pangs of starvation and deepening mass poverty, that are largely pushed by double digit inflation and unemployment price above 20%, might be ameliorated by the optimistic progress price, recorded by NBS.

This query and associated points might be examined, hereafter, within the following interrogative prose. Please learn on:

Does the reported annual GDP progress of 0.82% for 2017 recommend that Nigeria’s financial system has turned the nook, after the contraction recorded in output of products and companies between 2016-2017? Can we start to anticipate enchancment in social welfare, poverty discount and employment alternatives?

The current modest rise in GDP is primarily instigated, as previously, by the spike in oil value, from close to $30/barrel to a gentle $60-70/barrel in current occasions. Consequently, if crude costs additional rise or stay steady above $60/barrel, the associated statistical rise in GDP price could infact exceed 10% as recorded in  2003  and  2004  when oil value bounced to $42.9 and $56.7/barrel respectively. Nonetheless, if as standard, such increased progress charges, stay primarily pumped up by increased crude oil value and income, then, the upper progress charges recorded could, regrettably really fail to drive inclusive progress or enhance social welfare in Nigeria.

So, if per-chance oil value additional rises and instigates double digit progress charges in output, shouldn’t we then anticipate that, employment alternatives will enhance and that life might be ‘extra considerable’ and equitable in Nigeria?

Properly, it relies upon, on what occurs to inflation; this isn’t the primary time that oil value has been very beneficial. In actual fact, oil value was exceptionally excessive at $140/barrel in 2008, and, but the GDP grew by nearly 10%. Sadly, nonetheless, inflation additionally bumped into double digits at 11.6% throughout the identical interval.

Instructively, an inflation price of 10% will, invariably, wipe off 50% buying energy of all revenue earners each 5 years, and impoverish everybody with static incomes; thus, pensioners significantly, and thousands and thousands of different Nigerians, whose incomes are predicated on the legislated minimal wage will turn out to be very very weak. Consequently the present inflation price of about 15% will inevitably additionally enhance social deprivation and inequality.

So, do you imply that increased crude oil costs and income can really make us poorer?

The reply is self evident, from a historic perspective, as defined above. Oil value could by no means once more method $140/barrel, however no less than, we all know that when, such exceptionally excessive value prevailed, the associated bountiful greenback income didn’t, sarcastically, induce any vital enchancment in mass social welfare and nationwide financial improvement. Sadly, the comparatively excessive charges of inflation, which additionally advanced, not solely severely contracted shopper demand but in addition instigated increased value of borrowing to make productive funding very costly and dangerous.

Arguably, Nigeria additionally fell into the ball pack of the world’s poorest nations, even when oil costs shot up from beneath $10/barrel in 1999 and rose to $140/barrel in 2008. Moreover, the Naira trade price has additionally inexplicably collapsed from lower than N80=$1 with barely $4bn reserves between 1995-Eight to N305-360/$1 with over $40bn reserves and nonetheless rising in 2018.

So are you saying that rising oil value and greenback reserves, could not essentially facilitate, the availability of, higher schooling and well being services, improved transportation, energy provide and social welfare advantages with quickly rising job alternatives and credible nationwide safety?

Sure, you might be proper, the above realities are effectively amplified in our current financial historical past.

So, why are we unable to translate rising export income and greenback reserves to the creation of a a lot ‘higher life’ with much less inequality for our individuals?

Clearly, the method adopted for the infusion of our oil export income into the financial system is answerable for the sudden distortion to our cheap expectations for a ‘higher life’. The current fee mannequin, invariably suggests, that rising revenue from crude export may very well instigate GDP progress, in statistical phrases, however the “wrongheaded” funds system adopted for infusion of greenback income has sadly, continued to problem the attainment of really inclusive progress.

Invariably, the product of this aberration, within the foreign exchange infusion course of, is vividly mirrored within the oppressive everlasting presence of bloated Naira surpluses which constantly feed and maintain increased charges of inflation, each time, greenback allocations turn out to be substituted with Naira vouchers by CBN. So the truth appears to be that increased greenback earnings unwittingly enhance the specter of spiraling inflation and subsequently reduces the buying energy of all incomes to deepen mass poverty!

So, is there a method out of this double-digit inflation price? How can we make life higher for extra Nigerians?

The easy reply is to carry down inflation to worldwide greatest apply charges beneath 3%, in order that revenue values may even be protected, throughout board to maintain a stage of shopper demand that may spur productive funding and create extra jobs. Infact greatest apply administration of inflation is the primary battlefront of any accountable Administration. It is for that reason that the CBN is constitutionally empowered to handle value stability, in order that the dwelling requirements of each wage earner might be protected.

Sadly CBN’s attraction to a subordinate position as a monopolist provider of foreign exchange, has presumably dimmed the imaginative and prescient of the Apex financial institution from the prime object of its existence.

So, if inflation comes all the way down to greatest apply price beneath 3%, will the extent of poverty diminish?

By the way, with inflation beneath 3%, CBN’s financial coverage price, which determines the price of borrowing, may even plummet to make the abiding dream of producers for five% rate of interest on loans attainable. Invariably, with elevated manufacturing and different financial actions, extra job alternatives may even be created whereas authorities will equally develop its income base from further private and company taxes.

Remaining query, how do you carry down inflation to greatest apply beneath 3%?

CBN ought to cease compounding the unforced error of persistent Naira surplus every time it creates extra Naira as fee for greenback denominated allocations to the three tiers of presidency. This easy reform will regularly quell the specter of persistent Naira liquidity which drives inflation and pulverizes the Naira trade price past the general public’s consolation zone.




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Spend money on Rivers State, Wike begs main European buyers



Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Ezenwo Wike has declared that his administration has carried out sound financial insurance policies and programmes which have made the state the funding vacation spot of Nigeria.

Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Ezenwo Wike (r) being welcomed by the
Business Director of Monetary Occasions in control of Africa and Center East, Mark Cowardine on the Monetary Occasions Headquarters London on Tuesday throughout a Particular Breakfast Assembly tagged: “Spend money on Rivers State “.

Talking throughout a Particular Funding Programme Organised for Rivers State by the Monetary Occasions tagged: “Spend money on Rivers State ” at their headquarters in London on Tuesday, Governor Wike informed the choose buyers on the occasion that return on funding within the state is the highest in Nigeria.

Governor Wike mentioned: “The Authorities of Rivers State stays dedicated to creating Rivers State one of the best place in Nigeria to dwell, work and do enterprise by means of the implementation of sound insurance policies and creating the enabling peaceable, safe and pleasant atmosphere for doing enterprise in Rivers State. Traders are warmly welcomed, Rivers State awaits you “.

Rivers State Governor assured intending buyers that his administration has lined out incentives that has made the state investor pleasant.

In keeping with the Rivers State Governor, the Rivers State Authorities underneath his management has supplied visibility hole funding, minimal income assure, provision of land for growth, provision of subsidies and discount of/exemption from cost of taxes and levies.

“There’s a steady, targeted and progressive authorities that’s dedicated to the state’s financial aims, which is to construct a robust, balanced and rising economic system for Rivers State.

“The Authorities has created essentially the most enterprise pleasant atmosphere for Rivers State with unprecedented investments in infrastructure, tax reforms and associated financial incentives to scale back value of doing enterprise “, Governor Wike defined on why European Traders ought to spend money on Rivers State.

Governor Wike added: “We have now given unprecedented consideration to safety of lives and property, Rivers State is now protected and safe for companies and buyers “.

The governor added that his administration has eradicated double taxation, instituted expeditious processing and grant of land paperwork, facilitation of funding processes and regulatory approvals.

Governor Wike mentioned that intending buyers in oil and gasoline would profit from the presence of the Oil and Fuel Free Zone within the state, noting that the power supplies alternatives for the institution of companies throughout the oil and gasoline worth chain.

The governor declared that the Rivers State Authorities has institutionalised legal guidelines, processes and insurance policies to guard investments within the state.

He mentioned: “Moreover nationwide legal guidelines, the Rivers State Authorities has additionally put in place acceptable authorized framework to advertise and defend investments within the state . ”

Governor Wike mentioned as a gateway into the South-South and South-East zones, Rivers State additionally boasts of immense funding alternatives within the space of data and communication expertise.

He added that there exceptional funding alternatives within the areas of tourism and hospitality, stating that because the vacation spot of selection for organisers of occasions, conferences and sporting occasions, Rivers State funding local weather will reward any international investor.

He identified the successes recorded by establishing the progressive Port Harcourt Pleasure Park, which is now a regional centre of tourism, attracting a number of hundreds of Nigerian and international guests.

Governor Wike knowledgeable the European Traders that funding alternatives exist on the Larger Port Harcourt Metropolis Growth Authority, the place his administration has established framework for public-private partnerships , land subsidies and the event of infrastructure.

He additionally acknowledged that there are funding alternatives within the space of producing the place buyers can benefit from the Trans-Amadi Industrial Property. He added that Public Housing and property growth stay one other worthwhile outlet due to the inhabitants of the state.

The governor maintained that the supply of huge arable land and water, make Rivers State the nationwide hub of agriculture and agro processing.

He mentioned: “The state’s inhabitants, together with the center class is growing in geo-metric proportions. Moreover, the supply of a younger educated, expert and semi expert inhabitants anticipating employment affords considerable workforce and huge rising and comparatively untapped marketplace for shopper services .

Governor Wike mentioned that Rivers State possesses considerable pure sources, two present seaports, a global airport and Nigeria’s second largest economic system, ready for credible worldwide buyers.

In his remarks, Business Director of Monetary Occasions in control of Africa and Center East, Mark Cowardine assured the Rivers State Governor that the message of the funding potentials of Rivers State will promote financial progress within the state.

Vice Chairman of Westminster Africa Enterprise Group, Mr Tim Johnsen famous that the presentation of Governor Wike has highlighted key areas of investments to be explored by European Traders.

The Chief Govt Officer of Make investments Africa and United Kingdom Enterprise Council for Africa , Karen Taylor mentioned that the State Authorities has redefined the financial benefit of Rivers State, making it engaging to the world.

Leyla Boulton, Editor, Particular Experiences of Monetary Occasions mentioned that Rivers State has develop into Nigeria’s main financial vacation spot as a result of programmes initiated by Governor Wike.

Imad Mesdoua, Senior Advisor at Management Dangers expressed satisfaction with the standard of data and alternatives that Governor Wike has uncovered to Europe on Rivers State.

Governor Wike was accompanied by Senator George Sekibo, Commissioner of Info and Communication, Emma Okah, Chairman of Larger Port Harcourt Metropolis Growth Authority, Chief Ferdinand Anabrabra, Commissioner of Sports activities, Boma Iyaye and Former Deputy Speaker of the Home of Representatives, Rt Hon Austin Opara.


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Export of Agric commodities exceeds 150% in a single yr — NAQS



By Gabriel Ewepu

Nigeria’s export of agricultural commodities exceeded 150 per cent within the final one yr.


Coordinating Director,  Nigerian Agricultural Quarantine Service, NAQS, Dr.  Vincent Isegbe, disclosed this yesterday, whereas encouraging farmers and exporters of agric commodities following the graduation of large sensitization on export course of on numerous crops.

Isegbe attributed the rise to the depth of sensitization by the company to make sure exporters of agricultural merchandise adjust to worldwide requirements.   He acknowledged: “We’re on large sensitizations on how you can go about export of agricultural produce. We’re going from state to state, and we’re on radio and tv.

“Agricultural export has enhance of 150 per cent within the final one yr in keeping with the Managing Director of Nigeria Ports Authority, NPA, and we imagine it has gone past that proportion.”

On yam export and others the NAQS boss mentioned there was excessive calls for for the commodity, which exporters are responding to with the assist of the company.



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AU launches bold bid for world’s largest free commerce space



Africa’s leaders will collect in Rwanda Wednesday to launch what they are saying would be the world’s largest free commerce space however Nigeria has already pulled out, highlighting the problem in getting the continent to enroll.

African leaders through the Opening Ceremony of the 30th Peculiar Session of the Meeting of Heads of State and Authorities of the African Union in Ethiopia on 28th Jan 2018

Establishing the African Continental Free Commerce Space (CFTA) with 55 African Union (AU) members having a cumulative GDP of $2.5 trillion is without doubt one of the bloc’s flagship initiatives.

Nevertheless Muhammadu Buhari, president of one among Africa’s largest markets Nigeria, this week cancelled plans to attend the Kigali launch and known as for extra consultations after enterprise leaders objected to becoming a member of the world’s largest free commerce space by way of international locations.

“The signature of the CFTA is one thing that makes Africa look good on paper, however for implementation it’s going to have plenty of hiccups,” stated Sola Afolabi, a Nigeria-based worldwide commerce guide.

Some 27 heads of state are anticipated to attend the Kigali assembly, however it’s unclear who will signal on to the CFTA straight away.
– Commerce between neighbours –

AU commerce and trade commissioner Albert M. Muchanga stated Africa’s fledgling industries and rising center class would profit from the CFTA’s elimination of tariffs.

Presently, African international locations solely do about 16 p.c of their enterprise with one another.

“If we take away customs and duties by 2022, the extent of intra-African commerce will improve by 60 p.c, which could be very, very vital,” Muchanga informed AFP.

“Ultimately, we hope that every one the African Union states might be events to the Continental Free Commerce Space,” he added.

With underdeveloped service and industrial sectors throughout the continent, African international locations have for many years seen their fortunes rise and fall with the costs of exported commodities reminiscent of oil, cocoa and gold.

In recent times, nations like Ethiopia and Ghana have tried to wean themselves from this cycle by constructing factories and new infrastructure for native industries, spurring speedy development.

Landry Signe, a improvement professional with Stanford College in the US, stated the settlement might assist these industries, whereas giving African international locations a unified platform to barter commerce offers with wealthier nations.

“With the CFTA, the manufacturing sector could be way more diversified, because the market wouldn’t be a couple of million individuals, however probably 1.2 billion individuals,” he stated.

South Africa, a vocal backer of the commerce deal, has argued that African economies are too small to help financial diversification and industrialisation on their very own.

Regional integration “is vital to cut back the vulnerability of African economies to world shocks, a vulnerability which ends up from their heavy reliance on commodities,” South Africa’s Commerce and Trade Minister Rob Davies wrote in an editorial final week.

Nevertheless in Nigeria, the plans haven’t gone down nicely with unions and enterprise leaders.

“Now we have little doubt this coverage initiative will spell the demise knell of the Nigerian economic system,” stated the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC).

– Easing commerce and journey –

The CFTA is a key a part of the AU’s long-term improvement plan Agenda 2063, which calls for relieving commerce and journey throughout the continent.

At its most up-to-date summit in Ethiopia in January, AU member states agreed to a standard air transport market that might drive down air fares, in addition to plans for visa-free journey for Africans throughout the continent.

Which international locations will undertake these agreements stays unclear, as do the prospects for the CFTA, which requires 22 ratifications at a nationwide stage after its signing to come back into pressure.

Afolabi stated international locations with extra developed industries would embrace the CFTA as a result of it might open extra markets, however nations whose ports served landlocked neighbours might choose out, fearing a lack of income.

He labored on establishing the Financial Group of West African States’s (ECOWAS) frequent market, which he has subsequently criticised for failing to punish international locations that violated its phrases.

“The regional commerce agreements should not working and people are presupposed to be the legs for the continental” model, Afolabi stated.

“If there is no such thing as a reward for compliance and there’s no punishment for non-compliance, then it will be a really good settlement with none tooth or any legs,” he stated.


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